Counselling and Psychotherapy
Counselling and Psychotherapy are often considered to be interchangeable therapies that overlap in a number of ways. Counselling, in specific situations, is offered as part of the psychotherapy process; whereas a counsellor may work with clients in a psychotherapeutic manner.
The key difference between the two courses of therapeutic communication treatment lies in the recommended time required to see benefits. Counselling usually refers to a brief treatment that centres around behavior patterns. Psychotherapy focuses on working with clients for a longer-term and draws from insight into emotional problems and difficulties.
A psychotherapeutic approach developed by Fritz Perls (1893–1970). It focuses on insight into gestalts in clients and their relations to the world. Gestalt Therapy is heavily embedded in the here and now and reliant on the therapeutic relationship.
(IPT) is a time-limited, focused, evidence-based approach to treat mood disorders. The main goal of IPT is to improve the quality of a client's interpersonal relationships and social functioning to help reduce their distress.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
CBT can help with depression, anxiety, and a wide range of other problems. CBT is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on how a person's thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes affect their feelings and behaviors. CBT is embedded in the belief that unhelpful ways that people think can lead to psychological problems.
According to the Greater Good Science Center at Berkeley, mindfulness is:
“maintaining a moment-by-moment awareness of our thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, and surrounding environment, through a gentle, nurturing lens.”
To take that definition a bit further, mindfulness requires a nonjudgmental acknowledgement and acceptance of our thoughts and feelings; acknowledging our feelings but judging them (e.g., providing a value judgment like “I shouldn’t be thinking that” or “That’s a bad thought to have”) would not qualify as practicing mindfulness.